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Critical thinking II

| Memorizing | December 11, 2011

Second stage exercise in critical thinking:

Critical thinking studies a topic or problem with open-mindedness.
This exercise outlines the second stage of applying a critical thinking approach to developing and understanding a topic.

With the second stage:

    • Refine/revise the topic
      either narrowing or broadening it according to outcomes of research
    • Rank or indicate the importance
      of three sources of research
    • Clarify any opinion, prejudice, or bias their authors have
      While an opinion is a belief or attitude toward someone or some thing,
      a prejudice is preconceived opinion without basis of fact
      while bias is an opinion based on fact or research.
    • Identify key words and concepts that seem to repeat
      Is there vocabulary you need to define?
      Are there concepts you need to understand better?
    • In reviewing your research, are there
      Sequences or patterns that emerge?
      Oposing points of view, contradictions, or facts that don’t “fit?”
      Summarize two points of view that you need to address
    • What questions remain to be answered?

Critical thinking, first stage helped you to

    • Develop a statement of the topic
    • List what you understand, what you’ve been told
      and what opinions you hold about it
    • Identify resources available for research
    • Define timelines and due dates
      and how they affect the development of your study
    • Print the list as your reference

With this second exercise,
think in terms of how you would demonstrate your learning for your topic
How would you create a test on what you have learned?
How would you best explain or demonstrate your findings?
From simple to more complex (1-6) learning operations:

  1. List, label, identify: demonstrate knowledge
  2. Define, explain, summarize in your own words: Comprehend/understand
  3. Solve, apply to a new situation: Apply what you have learned
  4. Compare and contrast, differentiate between items: analyze
  5. Create, combine, invent: Synthesize
  6. Assess, recommend, value: Evaluate and explain why

Summary of critical thinking:

    • Determine the facts of a new situation or subject
      without prejudice
    • Place these facts and information in a pattern
      so that you can understand and explain them
    • Accept or reject your resource values and conclusions
      based upon your experience, judgment, and beliefs

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